Explorers returning from Africa to Europe in the mid-19th century were met with scepticism when they claimed to have seen ice and snow atop Mount Kilimanjaro and Mount Kenya, both of which stand just miles from the equator. But by the time the British explorer Henry Morton Stanley returned home in 1889 with tales of a dazzling set of six glaciated summits in central Africa’s Rwenzori Mountains – the tallest of which was named Mount Stanley in his honor – the extraordinary reality began to sink in. Today, thousands of people travel to Africa’s equatorial peaks for their challenging climbs, picturesque scenery, and to experience the strange existence of near-Arctic conditions in the tropics.
But while some 20,000 people flock to fabled Mount Kilimanjaro every year, fewer than 1,000 people visit Mount Stanley, which boasts all the majesty, much more wildlife, and none of the crowds of its more famous rival. One of the most spectacular features of tropical mountains is the wealth of different ecosystems and extraordinary biodiversity found on their slopes.
Mount Stanley is no exception. You’ll climb from rain forest and moorland up to mossy forests and bogs, and finally onto glaciated alpine terrain. The mountain’s abundant rainfall gives rise to weird and wonderful plants, including heather that grows up to 20 ft (6 m) high and giant groundsels and lobelia, which look more like miniature trees than ground cover.
Wildlife-spotting on Mount Stanley is also superb, and far superior to that of Mount Kilimanjaro. Over 70 mammal species inhabit the Rwenzori Mountains, including colobus and blue monkeys, which chatter in the forest canopies, bushbucks and antelopes, which graze near lakes and meadows, and mountain elephants, golden cats, and leopards. And nearly 200 species of endemic and migratory birds, from colorful turacos to bee-eaters, reside in the lowland jungles.
Getting There and Around
The Rwenzori Mountains are best accessed from Kasese in southwest Uganda, which is about 185 miles (300 km) – or a 5- to 6-hour journey on paved roads – from Kampala’s Entebbe International Airport. From Kasese, you can arrange your trek into Rwenzori National Park, which will include an ascent of Mount Stanley
Where to Eat
Meals included in trekking packages to the Rwenzori Mountains.
When to Go
Due to its equatorial setting, Mount Stanley can be climbed at any time of year, but July to mid-September and December to February do offer slightly drier conditions.
The terrain on Mount Stanley, Africa’s third highest peak, is tougher than that found on either Mount Kilimanjaro or Mount Kenya. The Rwenzori Mountains – also known as “The Mountains of the Moon” because of their rocky white peaks – are sliced with deep-cut gorges, rivers, and ravines. Once you get near the summit, you’ll need to rope up and use an ice ax and crampons to traverse the Elena Glacier, before making the final push toward the summit. In addition to the challenging landscape, be prepared for more rain and lower visibility than you might find on other African peaks, along with some dicey river crossings and knee-deep mud. But the rewards are spectacular. The mountain’s tricky terrain and near-constant wet weather explain why this UNESCO World Heritage Site is so unspoiled, lush, and full of life